02 May 2020

Basic rules of exercising and staying fit..

Majority of us are confined to our homes and which can be a more better time to concentrate on self-care and fitness !!!!! So as popularly told, better late than never. Let’s take up some good initiative and join the “fit india” movement. Before proceeding with performing exercises let’s know some basic considerations about the same and what the mighty Ayurveda opines about it…

1. Ayurveda advises moderate amount of exercise… Right form and quantity of exercise can maintain good health whereas if increases more than needed or becomes lesser than what is needed can cause ill-health. How much exercise to be done depends on various parameters like prakruti, bala of the person, season, disease/health condition etc…

2. Types of exercise and their indication – there are apprently three categories of exercises mentioned in samhitas. They are, alpa- vayayama, balaardha vyayama and ati-vyayama. Let us consider this one by one.

Alpa – vyayama – As the word suggests this is very less exercise/ mild exercise to be done. This is indicated in people who have less stamina or for people who are debilitated due to certain diseases. Considering the season, even in an apparently healthy person, little less exercise is preferred in seasons like summer and rainy seasons. In summer, the bala and Agni of a person will be less naturally and chances of getting low on hydration would be more. In rainy season too shareera bala (stamina) is said to be less. Hence only small amount of exercise is advisable.

Madhyama vyayama – meaning moderate exercise, it is the one indicated for an otherwise healthy individual with good stamina. There are a few signs which indicate that the physical activity done half of your strength. They are, appearance of sweat on forehead and axilla (swedagama), increase in breathing (shwasa vridhi), increase in heart rate, feeling of tiredness and also thirst. This much of work out is advised in seasons like winter, autumn, spring when apparently the strength in the body is good enough. Interestingly, the WHO grading of muscular activity i.e. mild,moderate,heavy and severe, is also based on, percentage of maximum oxygen utilisation and heart rate.

Ati -vyayama – this is nothing but heavy exercise and is not advisable for any person in any season. The key is, to know the moderation in anything or nay activity we do. Too much of exercising may also increase vata dosha and may cause related diseases. If exercising is done too much, classics of Ayurveda say that, it may lead to conditions like, thirst, weight loss (shosha), tiredness (shrama), bleeding disorders (raktapitta) etc…

Contra-indications to do work outs – physical exertion according to Ayurveda is not for everyone. When a person is suffering from, indigestion (Ajeerna), bleeding disorders, dizziness (bhrama), shosha (debilitating and diseases causing weight loss), too young age and too much old age must not be trying work outs, specially which causes too much exertion.

To summarise this, there has been vivid description about fitness and exercising in Ayurveda classical textbooks and is very relevant to present day as well. So, let’s make workouts a regular affair to stay fit, rather than being obsessed with only loosing weight. Regular exercising keeps us young and imparts a long healthy life…

Stay tuned !!!! Happy time!!!!!

Leave a Reply

%d bloggers like this: